INDIAN GUM ARABIC TREE (ACACIA NILOTICA (L.) WILLD. EX DELILE) ++ FABACEAE

Synonyms:

Acacia arabica (Lam.) Willd.; Acacia vera Willd.; Mimosa arabica Lam.; Mimosa nilotica L.

Notes (indian gum arabic tree):

And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and behold, the bush burned with fire, yet it was not consumed.

And the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush; and he looked, and lo, the bush was burning, yet it was not consumed.

Then Jehovah’s angel appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of a thornbush. As he kept looking; why, here the thornbush was burning with the fire, and the thornbush was not consumed.

In my first Bible book, I side with the Moldenkes, who concluded that the burning bush was an Acacia. But the NWT renders it thornbush. Zohary (1982) argues convincingly that the plant called sneh should be translated Senna, not Acacia nilotica as Moldenke and Tristam concluded, or Rubus as other scholars had concluded. Why? Because Acacia nilotica and Rubus do not occur on the Sinai. He concludes that “the most plausible explanation for sneh is Cassia senna named sene in all Arabic-speaking countries.” The taxonomic name has changed to Senna alexandrina, but sene persists in most Arabic quarters. However, I still include the Acacia. If the burning bush was thorny, as inferred only in the NWT above, then it cannot be Cassia senna. At the crossroads of the African, Asian, and European continents, the Holy Land serves as the bridge from Africa through Egypt, to Asia and Europe. Thus, the medicinal wisdom of the early Arabs, Copts, Hebrews, and Moslems assume great importance because of their empirical antiquity. The scriptures tell us that Abraham’s grandson Jacob immigrated into Egypt when he learned that his long-lost son Joseph was prospering there. And that led to what I will call the Jacobian exchange (introduction of middle-eastern species to Egypt), almost two millennia before the Colombian exchange (mixing the flora of the old and new worlds). Jacob’s stay was said to be a 400-year odyssey, so he took with him saplings of certain Acacias not native to Egypt. The upright frames of the tabernacles were to be built of Acacias (BI2). Which Acacia can be argued for eons. Thus, man has been moving species around for millennia, sometimes obscuring their true nativity. Some scholars equate this Acacia with the thornbush of Exodus, equating the fire with the parasite
Loranthus acaciae. Roasted seed kernels provide a dye for black strings worn by Nankani women.

indian-gum-tree.jpg

Common Names (Indian gum arabic tree):

Abadonui (Dahomey; KAB); Acacia (Eng.; CR2); Acacia d’Egypte (Fr.; BOU); Ajabaksha (Sanskrit; KAB); Akakia (Arab.; Iran; NAD); Ammughilam (Arab.; NAD); Amraya (Mauritania; UPW); Amur (Mauritania; Sahara; KAB); Amura (Mali; UPW); Australian Wattle (Eng.; NPM); Babal (Guj.; NAD); Babbar (Sin.; KAB); Bablia (Guj.; KAB); Babboola (Sanskrit; MPI); Babbuli (Kan.; KAB); Babhul (Mar.; KAB); Babhula (Bom.; Mar.; Sin.; KAB; NAD); Babla (Beng.; Hindi; Pun.; KAB; MPI; NAD); Babli (Mun.; KAB); Babola (Mal.; KAB; NAD); Babul (Eng.; Mah.; Nepal; Kum.; Kon.; Urdu; CR2; KAB; NAD; SUW); Abadanui (Dahomey; UPW); Babul Acacia (Eng.; Ocn.; AH2); Babulla (Ayu.; AH2); Babulo (Oriya; KAB); Babur (Nasirabad; Sibi; KAB); Bagana (Bambara; Ivo.; Malinki; KAB; UPW); Bagaruwa (Hausa; Kano; Sokoto; KAB); Bambolero (Lambadi; KAB); Bamura (Jubbulpore; KAB); Bani (Baraba; Surai; KAB); Bara Na (Fulah; KAB); Barbara (Sanskrit; NAD); Barbaramu (Tel.; KAB; NAD); Bauni (Kan.; NAD); Baval (Porebunder; KAB); Bebned (Wolof; KAB); Black Babul (Eng.; KAB; WO2); Boina (Wassula; KAB); Bois d’Arariba Rosa (Fr.; KAB); Diabbe (Sarakolet; KAB); Egyptian Acacia (Eng.; BOU); Egyptian Thorn (Eng.; BOU; UPW); Espinheira Preta (Port; Guinea-Bissau; UPW); Gabaruwa (Zaria; KAB); Gabur (San.; KAB); Gambia Pods (Eng.; UPW); Gaodi (Peuhl; Tuculor; KAB); Garad (Niger; Nig.; UPW); Gaudi (Gambia; UPW); Gobli; (Mysore; KAB); Gomma da India (Por.; KAB); Gommier d’Egypte (Fr.; BOU); Gommier Rouge (Fr.; BOU; UPW); Gorzia (Ghana; UPW); Gum Arabic (Eng.; SUW); Gurti (Arab.; BOU); Huanlongkyain (Burma; KAB); Indian Gum Arabic Tree (Eng.; Scn.; AH2); Iramangandam (Tam.; KAB); Jali (Kan.; NAD); Kala Babli (Mah.; NAD); Kalikikar (Dec.; NAD); Kaloababal (Guj.; MPI; NAD); Kambani (Bobo; Uper Volta; UPW); Kara (Togo; UPW); Karat (Arab.; GHA); Karemugilan (Iran; NAD); Karijali (Kan.; MPI; NAD); Karuvael (Tam.; NAD); Karuvelakam (Mal.; KAB); Karuvelum (Mal.; Tam.; NAD); Kharemughilam (Iran; KAB); Kikar (Beng.; Hindi; Pun.; Rendli; KAB; NAD); KôBè (Guinea; UPW); Kommi (Greek; KAB); Kusatregon (Gurma; KAB); Nallatumma (Tel.; MPI; NAD); Qarad (Arab.; BOU); Qarat (Arab.; GHA); Red Thorn (Eng.; UPW); Sak (Kas.; Pun.; NAD); Sake (Marke; KAB); Sant (Arab.; BOU); Scorpion Mimosa (Eng.; UPW); Shameeruku (Kon.; MPI; NAD); Shittim (Heb.; KAB); Shoka Masrya (Arab.; BOU); Shoka Qibttya (Arab.; BOU); Siludi (Fulah; KAB); Tamak (Tuareg; KAB); Tulh (Arab.; Dho.; Oman; GHA); Tuma (Tel.; NAD); Unmughilam (Arab.; KAB; NAD); Vabboola (Sanskrit; NAD); Vabbula (Sanskrit; NAD).

Activities (indian gum arabic tree):

Alexiteric (f; KAB); Algicide (1; ZUL); Amebicide (1; ZUL); Analgesic (1; X8982438); Anthelmintic (f; KAB); Antiaggregant (1; X9251908); Anticarcinogenic (1; WO3; X12616620); Antiedemic (1; X8982438); Antihepatitic (1; PR14:510); Antihistaminic (1; ZUL); AntiHIV (1; 10189947); Antihypertensive (1; X10594935); Anti-inflammatory (f1; X8982438); Antimalarial (1; X10479756); Antimutagenic (1; WO3; X12616620; X11850969); Antiplasmodial (1; X10479756); Antiplatelet (1; X9251908); Antioxidant (1; X11837686); Antiseptic (1; WO3); Antispasmodic (1; X10594935); Antitussive (f; BIB); Aphrodisiac (f; KAB; MPI; ZUL); Astringent (f; GMH; PH2; SUW); Bactericide (1; ZUL; X15476301); Calcium-Antagonist (1; X9251908); Chemopreventive (1; X11850969); Decongestant (f; BIB; EB22:173); Demulcent (f; BIB; DEP; SUW); Expectorant (f; KAB; MPI; NAD); Fungicide (1; WO3); HCV-Protease Inhibitor (1; PR14:510); Hemostat (f; DEP; NAD); Hepatotonic (f; KAB); Hypertensive (1; X10594939); Hypoglycemic (1; ZUL); Hypotensive (f1; BOU; ZUL; X10594935); Lactagogue (f1; BIB; UPW; 15283686); Mastogenic (1; X15283686); Molluscicide (1; ZUL); Neurostimulant (f; BIB; UPW); p-Glycoprotein Inhibitor (1; X12748979); Plasmodicide (1; X10479756); Protease Inhibitor (1; X11054840); Protisticide (1; ZUL); Spasmogenic (1; X10594939); Stimulant (f; BIB); Taenicide (1; ZUL); Teratologic (f; ZUL); Tonic (f; DEP; SUW); Vasoconstrictor (1; X10594939).

Indications (Indian gum arabic tree):

Alopecia (f; WO3); Ameba (f1; BOU; ZUL); Aphtha (f; NAD); Ascites (f; KAB); Asthma Kamagra Oral Jelly (f; WO3); Bacteria (1; X15476301); Biliousness (f; KAB); Bleeding (f; BIB; NAD); Boil (f; GHA); Bronchosis (f; KAB; WO3); Burn (f; SKJ; WO3); Cancer (f; BIB; JLH); Cancer, ear (f; JLH); Cancer, eye (f; JLH); Cancer, liver (f; JLH); Cancer, spleen (f; JLH); Cancer, testes (f; JLH); Cataract (f; GHA); Catarrh (f; GHA; HH2); Childbirth (f; DEP); Chill (f; ZUL); Cholecystosis (f; BIB; EB22:173); Cholera (f; SKJ; WO3); Cold (f; GHA); Colic (f; KAB); Condyloma (f; BIB); Congestion (f; BIB); Conjunctivosis (f; DEP; NAD); Cough (f; DEP; KAB; NAD); Cramp (f; BOU); Cystosis (f; DEP); Dermatosis (f; BOU; WO3); Diabetes (f1; BOU; DEP; GHA; SUW; WO3; ZUL); Diarrhea (f; GHA; GMH; PH2; SUW); Dysentery (f; BIB; DEP; SUW); Dyslactea (1; X15283686); Dyspepsia (f; ZUL); Dysuria (f; KAB); Edema (1; X8982438); Enterosis (f1; DEP; X15476301); Fever (f; BIB; BOU; UPW); Flu (1; FNF); Fracture (f; KAB); Fungus (1; WO3); Gastrosis (f; DEP); Gingivosis (f; BOU; DEP; PH2); Gonorrhea (f1; DEP; KAB; ZUL); Hemorrhoid (f; BIB; KAB; PH2); Hepatosis (f1; BIB; WO3; PR14:510; X11054840); High Blood Pressure (f1; BOU; ZUL); HIV (1; X10189947); Hypersalivation (f; DEP); Impotence (f; NAD; UPW); Induration (f; BIB; JLH); Infection (1; WO3; ZUL; X15476301); Inflammation (1; PH2; X8982438); Insanity (f; KAB); Leprosy (f; KAB); Leukoderma (f; KAB); Leukorrhea (f; DEP; NAD); Menorrhagia (f; DEP); Micromastia (1; X15283686); Mucososis (f; PH2); Mycosis (1; WO3); Odontosis (f; PNC); Ophthalmia (f; BIB; JLH; KAB); Orchosis (f; BIB); Otosis (f; BIB; JLH); Pain (1; X8982438); Pharyngosis (f; KAB; PH2); Pneumonia (f; ZUL); Prolapse (f; NAD); Proctosis (f;DEP; UPW); Puerperium (f; DEP); Pulmonosis (f; ZUL); Salmonella (1; X15476301); Sclerosis (f; BIB; JLH); Smallpox (f; BIB); Snakebite (f; DEP); Sore (f; DEP; UPW); Sore Throat (f; DEP; SUW; WO2); Spermatorrhea (f; KAB); Splenosis (f; JLH); Staphylococcus (f; ZUL); Stomachache (f; UPW); Stomatosis (f; DEP; PH2; UPW); Strangury (f; KAB); Swelling (f1; GHA; X8982438); Syphilis (f; BIB; WO3); Toothache (f; GHA; UPW; ZUL); Tuberculosis (f; BIB; UPW); Typhoid (f; BIB); Urethrosis (f; KAB); Urogenitosis (f; NAD); Uterosis (f; DEP; KAB); Vaginosis (f; KAB; PH2); Venereal Disease (f1; DEP; NAD; X11483371); Virus (1; X11054840); Worm (1; ZUL); Wound (f; UPW).

Dosages (Indian gum arabic tree):

FNFF = !!
Tender young pods eaten as vegetable; ripe seed kernels roasted and eaten, made into wine (TAN); gum used in confectionary (TAN). Tender pods and shoots used as vegetable, and to stimulate milk production. Roasted seed kernels sometimes used for flavoring; the raw seed is good animal feed. (BIB). Konkani make candy by drying the gum with butter, spices, and balling up with sugar (KAB).

  1. Arabs inhale smoke from burning pods for cold (GHA).
  2. Arabs soak crushed seeds overnight in water or fresh milk and drink for kamagra diabetes (GHA).
  3. Asian Indians use bark juice in mother’s milk as eyedrops for conjunctivosis (NAD).
  4. Asian Indians fry gum in ghee for impotence (NAD).
  5. Asian Indians consume the gum (not converted to sugar) for diabetes (NAD).
  6. Asian Indians gargle the leaf decoction for gingivosis, sore throat (NAD).
  7. Asian Indians take pulped leaves for diarrhea and dysentery, anally or orally (NAD).
  8. Ayurvedics consider the bark alexipharmic, anthelmintic, astringent, and use it for ascites,
  9. biliousness, bronchosis, burning sensations, cough, diarrhea, dysentery, dysuria,
  10. leukoderma, and piles (KAB).
  11. Egyptian Nubians believe diabetics can take high carbohydrate foods as long as they
  12. regularly take powdered pods (BOU).
  13. Guinea natives take gum/resin for chest and throat ailments, dysentery, and eye problems
  14. (KAB).
  15. Konkani take one tola of leaves with four mashas cumin, two tolas sugar, eaten or drunk
  16. with milk for bloody spermatorrhea (KAB).
  17. Masai use bark as aphrodisiac and neurotonic (UPW).
  18. Nigerians suck the gum for oral ulcers (UPW).
  19. Omani mix resin with egg white as collyrium for cataracts (GHA).
  20. Rajputanans bruise the leaves to apply to sore eyes in children (KAB).
  21. Senegalese chew antiscorbutic bark and take bark tea for diarrhea, dysentery, and toothache
  22. (UPW).
  23. Unani consider the leaves astringent, cerebrotonic, febrifuge, hepatotonic, and useful for
  24. gonorrhea, leukoderma, and strangury (KAB).
  25. Unani consider all parts of the plant aphrodisiac (KAB).
  26. dowNsides (iNdiaN gum arabiC tree):
  27. None covered (AHP, KOM). Large internal doses may lead to constipation and dyspepsia (PH2).

Natural History (Indian Arabic tree):

Older shrubs are very important in diet of impala and kudu (X15278425). Lac insects often occur
on the tree, with resultant production of lac resin and shellac (BIB).

This article was written by James A. Duke. All right reserved to that author.

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